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Gender analysis entails researchers seeking to understand gender power relations and norms and their implications, including the nature of women’s, men’s, and people of other gender’s lives, how their needs and experiences differ, the causes and consequences of these differences, and how services and polices might address these differences. As well as analysing differences between females, males, and people of other genders, gender analysis, by focusing on the nature of power relations, also considers differences among females, among males, and among people of other genders. It includes examining gender in relation to other social stratifiers, such as class, race, education, ethnicity, age, geographic location, (dis)ability, and sexuality, ideally from an intersectional perspective.

Incorporating gender analysis into research should ideally be done at all stages of the research process. It includes considering gender when defining research aims, objectives, or questions; within the development of study designs and data collection tools; during the process of data collection; and in the interpretation and dissemination of results. By including gender into research, researchers can ensure that gender inequities are not perpetuated, collect higher quality and more accurate data, and actively engage in positively changing gender relations and reducing inequities.

Overall, by the end of the session users should be able to:

  • Understand what gender analysis is and why it is important for global health research
  • Recognize different ways gender analysis can be incorporated into your health systems research, including research content, process, and outcomes
  • Understand how gender frameworks can be used to guide analytical process

You can download the powerpoint on the right hand side of the screen.

The information above is taken from the following resource: Morgan, R. et al., 2016. How to do (or not to do)… gender analysis in health systems research. Health Policy and Planning, p.czw037.


We also recommend watching the following Jhpiego video toolkit:


Recommended Resources

Gender Analysis:

  • Hunt, J. (2004). Introduction to gender analysis concepts and steps. Development Bulletin, 64, 100–106.
  • JHPIEGO. (2016). Gender Analysis Toolkit for Health Systems
  • LSTM. (1996). Guidelines for the analysis of Gender and Health. 
  • Morgan, R. et al., 2016. How to do (or not to do)… gender analysis in health systems research. Health Policy and Planning, p.czw037.
  • RinGs (2015) How to do gender analysis in health systems research webinar recording

Gender Frameworks:

  • Caro, D. (2009). A Manual for Integrating Gender Into Reproductive Health and HIV Programs.
  • March, C., Smyth, I., & Mukhopadhyay, M. (1999). A Guide to Gender-Analysis Frameworks. Oxfam.
  • RinGs (2015) Ten Gender Analysis Frameworks & Tools to Aid with Health Systems Research
  • Warren, H. (2007). Using gender-analysis frameworks: theoretical and practical reflections. Gender & Development, 15(2), 187–198.


  • Bowleg, L. (2012). The problem with the phrase women and minorities: Intersectionality-an important theoretical framework for public health. American Journal of Public Health, 102(7), 1267–1273.
  • Hankivsky, O. (2014). Intersectionality 101. The Institute for Intersectionality Research & Policy, SFU.
  • Larson, E., George, A., Morgan, R., & Poteat, T. (2016). 10 Best resources on... intersectionality with an emphasis on low- and middle-income countries. Health Policy Plan., czw020–.